bilder neues badezimmer
(applause) thank you very much. i have a few pictures, and i'll talk a little bitabout how i'm able to do what i do. all these houses are built from between 70 and 80 percentrecycled material, stuff that was headed to the mulcher,the landfill, the burn pile. it was all just gone. this is the first house i built.
this double front door herewith the three-light transom, that was headed to the landfill. have a little turret there. and then these buttonson the corbels here -- right there -- those are hickory nuts. and these buttons there -- those are chicken eggs. (laughter)
of course, first you have breakfast, and then you fill the shell fullof bondo and paint it and nail it up, and you have an architectural buttonin just a fraction of the time. this is a look at the inside. you can see the three-light transomthere with the eyebrow windows. certainly an architectural antiqueheaded to the landfill -- even the locksetis probably worth 200 dollars. everything in the kitchen was salvaged. there's a 1952 o'keefe & merritt stove,
if you like to cook -- cool stove. this is going up into the turret. i got that staircase for 20 dollars, including delivery to my lot. then, looking up in the turret, you see there are bulgesand pokes and sags and so forth. well, if that ruins your life, well, then, you shouldn't live there. this is a laundry chute.
and this right here is a shoe last -- those are those cast-iron thingsyou see at antique shops. so i had one of those, so i made some low-tech gadgetry,where you just stomp on the shoe last, and then the door flies openand you throw your laundry down. and then if you're smart enough,it goes on a basket on top of the washer. if not, it goes into the toilet. this is a bathtub i made, made out of scrap two-by-four.
started with the rim, and then gluedand nailed it up into a flat, corbeled it up and flipped it over, then did the two profiles on this side. it's a two-person tub. after all, it's not justa question of hygiene, but there's a possibilityof recreation as well. then, this faucet hereis just a piece of osage orange. it looks a little phallic, but after all, it's a bathroom.
this is a house based on a budweiser can. it doesn't look like a can of beer, but the design take-offsare absolutely unmistakable: the barley hops designworked up into the eaves, then the dentil work comes directlyoff the can's red, white, blue and silver. then, these corbels goingdown underneath the eaves are that little designthat comes off the can. i just put a can on a copierand kept enlarging it until i got the size i want.
then, on the can it says, "this is the famous budweiser beer, we know of no other beer,blah, blah, blah." so we changed that and put, "this is the famous budweiser house.we don't know of any other house ..." and so forth and so on. this is a deadbolt. it's a fence from a 1930s shaper,which is a very angry woodworking machine. and they gave me the fence,but they didn't give me the shaper,
so we made a deadbolt out of it. that'll keep bull elephantsout, i promise. and sure enough, we've hadno problems with bull elephants. the shower is intendedto simulate a glass of beer. we've got bubbles going up there,then suds at the top with lumpy tiles. where do you get lumpy tiles?well, of course, you don't. but i get a lot of toilets, and so youjust dispatch a toilet with a hammer, and then you have lumpy tiles. and then the faucet is a beer tap.
then, this panel of glassis the same panel of glass that occurs in every middle-classfront door in america. we're getting tired of it.it's kind of clichã©d now. if you put it in the front door,your design fails. so don't put it in the front door;put it somewhere else. it's a pretty panel of glass. but if you put it in the front door, people say, "oh, you're tryingto be like those guys, and you didn't make it."
so don't put it there. then, another bathroom upstairs. this light up here is the same light that occursin every middle-class foyer in america. don't put it in the foyer. put it in the shower, or in the closet, but not in the foyer. then, somebody gave mea bidet, so it got a bidet. this little house here,
those branches there are madeout of bois d'arc or osage orange. these pictures will keep scrollingas i talk a little bit. in order to do what i do, you have to understand what causeswaste in the building industry. our housing has become a commodity, and i'll talk a little bit about that. but the first cause of wasteis probably even buried in our dna. human beings have a needfor maintaining consistency of the apperceptive mass.
what does that mean? what it means is,for every perception we have, it needs to tallywith the one like it before, or we don't have continuity,and we become a little bit disoriented. so i can show you an objectyou've never seen before. oh, that's a cell phone. but you've never seen this one before. what you're doing is sizing up the patternof structural features,
and then you go through your databanks: cell phone. oh! that's a cell phone. if i took a bite out of it, you'd go, "wait a second. "that's not a cell phone. that's one of those newchocolate cell phones." you'd have to start a new category, right between cell phones and chocolate. that's how we process information.
you translate thatto the building industry. if we have a wall of windowpanesand one pane is cracked, we go, "oh, dear. that's cracked.let's repair it. let's take it out and throw it awayso nobody can use it and put a new one in." because that's what you dowith a cracked pane. never mind that it doesn'taffect our lives at all. it only rattles that expected patternand unity of structural features. however, if we took a small hammer,
and we added cracksto all the other windows -- then we have a pattern. because gestalt psychologyemphasizes recognition of pattern over parts that comprise a pattern. we'll go, "ooh, that's nice." so, that serves me every day. repetition creates pattern. if i have 100 of these, 100 of those, it makes no differencewhat these and those are.
if i can repeat anything,i have the possibility of a pattern, from hickory nuts and chicken eggs,shards of glass, branches. it doesn't make any difference. that causes a lot of wastein the building industry. the second cause is, friedrich nietzsche, along about 1885, wrote a book titled"the birth of tragedy." and in there, he said cultures tend to swingbetween one of two perspectives:
on the one hand,we have an apollonian perspective, which is very crisp and premeditatedand intellectualized and perfect. on the other end of the spectrum,we have a dionysian perspective, which is more givento the passions and intuition, tolerant of organic textureand human gesture. so the way the apollonian personalitytakes a picture or hangs a picture is, they'll get out a transit and a laser level
and a micrometer. "ok, honey. a thousandthof an inch to the left. that's where we wantthe picture. right. perfect!" predicated on plumb level,square and centered. the dionysian personalitytakes the picture and goes: that's the difference. i feature blemish. i feature organic process. dead center john dewey.
apollonian mindsetcreates mountains of waste. if something isn't perfect, if it doesn't line upwith that premeditated model? dumpster. "oops. scratch. dumpster." "oops" this, "oops" that.landfill, landfill, landfill. the third thing is arguably -- the industrial revolutionstarted in the renaissance with the rise of humanism,
then got a little jump startalong about the french revolution. by the middle of the 19th century,it's in full flower. and we have dumaflaches and gizmos and contraptions that will do anything that we, up to that point, had to do by hand. so now we have standardized materials. well, trees don't growtwo inches by four inches, eight, ten and twelve feet tall.
we create mountains of waste. and they're doing a pretty good jobthere in the forest, working all the byproductof their industry -- with osb and particle boardand so forth and so on -- but it does no good to be responsible at the pointof harvest in the forest if consumers are wasting the harvestat the point of consumption. and that's what's happening. and so if something isn't standard,
"oops, dumpster." "oops" this."oops, warped." if you buy a two-by-fourand it's not straight, you can take it back. "oh, i'm so sorry, sir.we'll get you a straight one." well, i feature all those warped things because repetition creates pattern, and it's from a dionysian perspective. the fourth thing is labor is disproportionatelymore expensive than materials.
well, that's just a myth. and there's a story: jim tulles, one of the guys i trained --i said, "jim, it's time now. i got a job for you as a foremanon a framing crew. time for you to go." "dan, i just don't think i'm ready." "jim, now it's time.you're the down -- oh!" so we hired on. and he was out there with a tape measure,going through the trash heap, looking for header material,or the board that goes over a door,
thinking he'd impress his boss --that's how we taught him to do it. the superintendent walked upand said, "what are you doing?" "oh, just looking for header material," waiting for that kudos. he said, "i'm not paying you to gothrough the trash. get back to work." and jim had the wherewithal to say, "you know, if you were paying me300 dollars an hour, i can see how you might say that. but right now, i'm saving youfive dollars a minute.
do the math." "good call, tulles. from now on,you guys hit this pile first." and the irony is that he wasn'tvery good at math. but once in a while,you get access to the control room, and then you cankind of mess with the dials. and that's what happened there. the fifth thing is that maybe,after 2,500 years, plato is still having his way with usin his notion of perfect forms. he said that we have in our nogginthe perfect idea of what we want,
and we force environmentalresources to accommodate that. so we all have in our headthe perfect house, the american dream, which is a house, the dream house. the problem is we can't afford it. so we have the american dream look-alike, which is a mobile home. now there's a blight on the planet. it's a chattel mortgage,
just like furniture, just like a car. you write the check,and instantly, it depreciates 30 percent. after a year, you can't get insuranceon everything you have in it, only on 70 percent. wired with 14-gauge wire, typically. nothing wrong with that, unless you ask it to dowhat 12-gauge wire's supposed to do, and that's what happens. it out-gasses formaldehyde --
so much so that there isa federal law in place to warn new mobile home buyersof the formaldehyde atmosphere danger. are we just being numbingly stupid? the walls are this thick. the whole thing hasthe structural value of corn. "so ... i thought palm harborvillage was over there." "no, no. we had a wind last night. it's gone now." then when they degrade,what do you do with them?
now, all that -- that apollonian, platonic model -- is what the building industryis predicated on, and there are a number of thingsthat exacerbate that. one is that all the professionals, all the tradesmen, vendors, inspectors, engineers, architects all think like this. and then it works its wayback to the consumer,
who demands the same model. it's a self-fulfilling prophecy.we can't get out of it. then here come the marketeersand the advertisers. "woo. woo-hoo." we buy stuff we didn't know we needed. all we have to dois look at what one company did with carbonated prune juice. how disgusting. but you know what they did?
they hooked a metaphor into itand said, "i drink dr. pepper ..." and pretty soon, we're swillingthat stuff by the lake-ful, by the billions of gallons. it doesn't even have real prunes!doesn't even keep you regular. my oh my, that makes it worse. and we get suckedinto that faster than anything. then, a man namedjean-paul sartre wrote a book titled "being and nothingness." it's a pretty quick read.you can snap through it in maybe --
maybe two years, if you read eight hours a day. in there, he talkedabout the divided self. he said human beings act differentlywhen they know they're alone than when they knowsomebody else is around. so if i'm eating spaghetti,and i know i'm alone, i can eat like a backhoe. i can wipe my mouth on my sleeve,napkin on the table, chew with my mouth open,make little noises,
scratch wherever i want. but as soon as you walk in, i go, "oops! lil' spaghetti sauce there." napkin in my lap, half-bites, chew with my mouth closed, no scratching. now, what i'm doingis fulfilling your expectations of how i should live my life. i feel that expectation, and so i accommodate it,
and i'm living my life accordingto what you expect me to do. that happens in the buildingindustry as well. that's why all subdivisions look the same. sometimes, we even havethese formalized cultural expectations. i'll bet all your shoes match. sure enough, we all buy into that ... and with gated communities, we have a formalized expectation, with a homeowners' association.
sometimes those guys are nazis, my oh my. that exacerbates and continues this model. the last thing is gregariousness. human beings are a social species. we like to hang together in groups, just like wildebeests, just like lions. wildebeests don't hang with lions, because lions eat wildebeests.
human beings are like that. we do what that group does that we're trying to identify with. you see this in junior high a lot. those kids, they'll workall summer long -- kill themselves -- so that they can affordone pair of designer jeans. so along about september, they can stride in and go, "i'm important today. see?don't touch my designer jeans!
i see you don't have designer jeans. you're not one of the beautiful --see, i'm one of the beautiful people. see my jeans?" right there is reasonenough to have uniforms. and so that happensin the building industry as well. we have confusedmaslow's hierarchy of needs, just a little bit. on the bottom tier, we have basic needs: shelter, clothing, food,water, mating and so forth.
second: security. third: relationships. fourth: status, self-esteem --that is, vanity -- and we're taking vanityand shoving it down here. and so we end up with vain decisions, and we can't even afford our mortgage. we can't afford to eatanything except beans; that is, our housinghas become a commodity. and it takes a little bit of nerve
to dive into those primal, terrifying parts of ourselves and make our own decisions and not make our housing a commodity, but make it somethingthat bubbles up from seminal sources. that takes a little bit of nerve, and, darn it, once in a while, you fail. but that's okay. if failure destroys you,
then you can't do this. i fail all the time, every day, and i've had some whoppingfailures, i promise -- big, public, humiliating,embarrassing failures. everybody points and laughs, and they say, "he tried it a fifth time,and it still didn't work! what a moron!" early on, contractors come by and say, "dan, you're a cute little bunny,
but you know,this just isn't going to work. what don't you do this?why don't you do that?" and your instinct is to say, "well, why don't you suck an egg?" but you don't say that, because they're the guys you're targeting. and so what we've done -- and this isn't just in housing;it's in clothing and food and our transportationneeds, our energy --
we sprawl just a little bit. and when i get a little bit of press, i hear from people all over the world. and we may have invented excess, but the problem of waste is worldwide. we're in trouble. and i don't wear ammo beltscrisscrossing my chest and a red bandana. but we're clearly in trouble.
and what we need to do is reconnect with those really primalparts of ourselves and make some decisions and say, "you know, i think i would like to putcds across the wall there. what do you think, honey?" if it doesn't work, take it down. what we need to do is reconnectwith who we really are, and that's thrilling indeed.